Architecture in Scotland Through the Ages

The architecture in Scotland can be traced back till before the Bronze Age. Visitors will be stunned at the diversity of the Scottish architecture that drew off various styles across the world, influencing the construction and style of the buildings.

In Scotland, you will be able to see classical architectural styles: Gothic, Oriental, Byantine, Venetian, Bauhaus, Tuscan and Le Corbusier. It is a country that has many fine examples of many of the architectural styles that were popular throughout the centuries and styles that influenced architects and communities alike. It is said that the Edwardian era was the most wonderful period in the history of Scotland. Architecture in Scotland was influenced into the building of elegant and stylish buildings that can still be seen in most of the libraries located throughout Scotland.

A beautiful example of architecture from the Medieval English period is the ruins of the Rait Castle. The Scottish castle was constructed in the 1300’s - an intimidating hall-house with arched doorways, round tower and lancet windows. Its design is very similar to what you would expect from a stronghold or tower-house. Buildings such as the Elphinstone Tower that was constructed in 1440, were constructed in the architectural Medieval style. The Elphinstone Tower falls into the category of a tower house or small castle and its construction is a simple block design. Inside the thick walls the house is divided into smaller rooms and is generally a two-storey building.

The influence of Art Nouveau in Scottish architecture can be seen in Hill House. It was designed by the architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh, and is said to be one of his finest achievements. The structure was built from sandstone and rough-cast, with the interior being spacious, luxurious and extremely detailed. Hill House features beautiful fireplaces, intricate stencil designs and wardrobes. By the 1950’s, 60’s and 70’s the new architectural style was Brutalism. The Icon that is located in Glasgow is a prime example of this style. Glasgow also has a wide variety of Victorian and Georgian architecture, while Edinburgh boasts many Georgian townhouses. The architecture in Scotland is a blend of the old and the new, and has preserved the many forms of architecture that have shaped the country through the centuries.


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