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History

Monarchs of Scotland

The story of the Scottish Throne is a long and complex one. From the beginning of the twelfth century a single king started to rule, what we know today as Scotland. The thirteenth century was a time of insecurity for the whole of Scotland, with the fighting and Wars of Independence between Scotland and England. The fourteenth century brought a sense of nationhood and stability, when the monarchial evolution began to develop.

The House of Alpin

  • Kenneth I (843 – 858)
  • Donald I, Kenneth I’s brother (858 – 862)
  • Constantine I, Kenneth I’s son (862 – 877)
  • Aedh, Kenneth I’s son (877 – 878)
  • Eochaid, Aedh’s nephew (878 – 889)
  • Giric, Aedh’s cousin (878 – 889)
  • Donald II, Constantine I’s son (889 – 900)
  • Constantine II, Aedh’s son (900 – 943)
  • Malcolm I, Donald II’s son (943 – 954)
  • Indulf, Constantine II’s son (954 – 962)
  • Dubh, Malcolm I’s son (962 – 966)
  • Culen, Indulf’s son (966 – 971)
  • Kenneth II, Dubh’s son (971 – 995)
  • Constantine III, Culen’s son (995 – 997)
  • Kenneth III, Dubh’s son (997 – 1005)
  • Malcolm II, Kenneth II’s son (1005 – 1034)
  • Duncan I, Malcolm’s second grandson (1034 – 1040)
  • Lulach, Kenneth III’s grandson (1057 – 1058)

The House of Dunkeld

  • Malcolm III, Duncan I’s son (1058 – 1093)
  • Donald III, Duncan I’s son (1093 – 1094)
  • Duncan II, Malcolm III’s son (1094)
  • Donald III, Duncan I’s son (1094 – 1097)
  • Edgar, Malcolm III’s son (1097 – 1107)
  • Alexander I, Malcolm III’s son (1107 – 1124)
  • David I, Malcolm III’s son (1124 – 1153)
  • Malcolm IV, David I’s grandson (1153 – 1165)
  • William I, David I’s grandson (1165 – 1214)
  • Alexander II, William I’s son (1214 – 1249)
  • Alexander III, Alexander II’s son (1249 – 1286)
  • Margaret, Alexander III’s grand-daughter (1286 – 1290)

The House of Balliol

When Queen Margaret died, there was no recipient to the throne. King Edward I of

England took over and gave the throne to John Balliol.

  • John Balliol, David I’s great(x3) grandson (1292 – 1296)

The House of Bruce

  • Robert I, David I’s great(x3) grandson (1306 – 1329)
  • David II, Robert I’s son (1329 – 1371)

The House of Balliol

  • Edward Balliol, John Balliol’s son (1332 – 1338)

The house of Stewart

The surname ‘Stewart’ was changed to ‘Stuart’ by Mary when she was in France,

as the French alphabet had no ‘W’.

  • Robert II, Robert I’s grandson (1371 – 1390)
  • Robert III, Robert II’s son (1390 – 1406)
  • James I, Robert III’s son (1406 – 1437)
  • James II, James I’s son (1437 – 1460)
  • James III, James II’s son (1460 – 1488)
  • James IV, James III’s son (1488 – 1513)
  • James V, James IV’s son (1513 – 1542)
  • Mary I, James V’s daughter (1542 – 1567)
  • James VI, Mary I’s son (1567 – 1625)