Scottish Weather and Climate

Scotland's climate is generally cool and wet. It is influenced by the North Atlantic Drift, a warm sea current from the Caribbean, which keeps Scotland's coast ice free in winter. The climate is oceanic, with no extreme variations or exceptional events like tornadoes, droughts or widespread floods, but the day to day weather can vary enormously and unpredictably, and is a national source of daily conversation.

The east coast has a marginally more continental
climate than the west, with drier weather, sunnier summers and colder winters.
The prevailing winds are from the west and southwest, and are constant and
important feature in the islands and high hills.

Sunshine

Due to the low pressure systems from the Atlantic Ocean and the hilly nature of
the terrain, Scotland is generally cloudier than England. Although some parts
like Fife, Angus, the Lothians, Dumfries, Ayrshire and Galloway gets an average
of over 1400 hours of sunshine per year. The coldest parts of Scotland are the
more mountainous areas, with an average of only 1100 hours of sun per year.
These figures are at their highest in the months of May and June and at their
lowest in December. The high latitude of Scotland means that although winter
days are very short, summer days are very long with an extended twilight and
on the longest day there no complete darkness in the north region of Scotland.

Rainfall

Many people think that the whole of Scotland experiences high rainfall, in fact,
the rainfall in Scotland varies extensively, ranging from 3000mm per year in
the western Highlands and to under 800mm per year near the east coast. The
wettest parts of Scotland experience an average of 250 days of rain per year,
whereas the driest parts only experience an average of about 150 days of rain
per year.

Winds

Most commonly the wind in Scotland blows in a south-west direction but it
changes markedly from day to day accordingly to weather systems.

Temperature

January and February are generally the coldest months in Scotland, with the
daytime maximum temperatures that ranges of an average of around 5° to 7°C.
July and August are normally the warmest months in Scotland, with temperatures
of an average 19°C. The temperatures in Scotland are generally a few degrees
cooler than in England because of the hilly terrain and the Atlantic Ocean.

Snow

The average number of days with snow falling in Scotland ranges from 15 to 20 days,
whereas on the peaks and mountains the average number of days with snow falling
is about 100 days.

Visibility

Scotland often enjoys great visibility, although hill fog sometimes restricts the
visibility. Sea fog from the North Sea, known as “haar” also sometimes ruins what
would be a perfect day.

Read More: Scottish Climate

8 Simple Techniques for Climate Change in Scottish Prehistory – University of St Andrews

Rain at Glasgow God’s acre The environment of Scotland is mostly warm and also nautical (Kppen climate category Cfb), and also tends to be really unpredictable, however seldom extreme. It is warmed up by the Gulf Stream from the Atlantic, as well as offered its northward latitude it is much warmer than areas on comparable latitudes, for example, Kamchatka in Russia or Labrador in Canada where the sea freezes over in winter months or Fort McMurray, Canada where 35 C (31 F) is not uncommon throughout winter months.

Scotland occupies the cooler northern section of Terrific Britain, so temperature levels are typically less than in the remainder of the British Isles, with the chilliest ever UK temperature level of 27.2 C (17.0 F) taped at Braemar in the Grampian Mountains, on 10 January 1982 as well as also at Altnaharra, Highland, on 30 December 1995.

Generally, the western coastal areas of Scotland are warmer than the east as well as inland locations, because of the impact of the Atlantic currents, as well as the colder surface area temperatures of the North Sea. The highest possible official temperature level tape-recorded was 32.9 C (91.2 F) at Greycrook, on 9 August 2003. For the last 100 years, the chilliest wintertime remained in 1963 (standard temperature level 0.19 C or 32.34 F) as well as the mildest remained in 1989 (average 5.15 C or 41.27 F).

Rainfall total amounts differ widely throughout Scotland the western highlands of Scotland is one of the wettest locations in Europe with annual rainfall as much as 4,577 mm (180.2 in). Due to the hilly topography of the western Highlands, this sort of precipitation is orographic in nature, with the cozy, wet air required to increase on contact with the hilly shore, where it subsequently cools down as well as condenses, creating clouds.

3 Easy Facts About Scotland: Climate Activists Blockade Shell Headquarters – UK … Explained

This effect is most obvious along the coasts of Lothian, Fife, Angus, and also eastern Aberdeenshire, in addition to around the city of Inverness. Inchkeith in the Firth of Forth gets only 550 mm (21.7 in) of rainfall yearly, which resembles Rabat in Morocco, and also much less than Barcelona gets annually.

Snowfall is much less common in the lowlands, however comes to be much more common with altitude. Components of the Highlands have an average of 36 to 105 snow days annually, while some western seaside areas have in between 12 and 17 days with snow a year. The maximum quantity of sunshine in a schedule month was 329 hrs in Tiree in May 1946 and also once again in May 1975 while the minimum, a mere 36 minutes, was recorded at Cape Rage in the Highlands in January 1983.

Climate change in Scotland - Wikipediaen.wikipedia.orgClimate of Scotland – Wikipediaen.wikipedia.org

On the lengthiest day of the year, there is no full darkness over the northern isles of Scotland. Lerwick, Shetland, has about 4 hours extra daylight in summer than London, although this is turned around in midwinter. Yearly average sunshine overalls differ from as little as 7111140 hrs in the highlands and the north-west, approximately 14711540 hrs on the severe eastern as well as south-western shores.

Scotland is the windiest country in Europe due to eastward moving Atlantic depressions that bring solid winds and clouds constantly throughout the year. In usual with the remainder of the United Kingdom, wind dominates from the south-west. The windiest areas of Scotland are in the north as well as west; parts of the Western Isles, Orkney as well as Shetland have over 1 month with gale pressure winds per year.

The Main Principles Of Hps Website – Climate Ready Scotland: Second Scottish …

The strongest wind gust tape-recorded in Scotland was formally 278 km/h (173 miles per hour) on 20 March 1986 in the Cairngorms, but an unofficial wind speed of 312 km/h (194 miles per hour) was videotaped in the very same area on 19 December 2008. “‘ Dreich’ tops survey of preferred Scots words”. 23 January 2013.

climate change targets ...carbonbrief.orgClimate change in Scotland – Wikipediaen.wikipedia.org

” Climate extremes”. Met Workplace. Retrieved 23 March 2017. ” Scottish winter temperature level”. Present Results. Gotten 16 January 2015. ” Scotland 19712000 averages”. Met Office. 2001. Archived from the initial on 30 April 2004. Recovered 20 August 2007. ” Mean Temperature Levels Annual Ordinary”. Met Workplace. 2001. Archived from the initial on 1 August 2013.

” Rainfall Quantity Annual Average”. Met Office. 2001. Archived from the initial on 19 July 2013. Fetched 20 August 2007. ” Days of Snow Lying Annual Average”. Met Workplace. 2001. Archived from the initial on 9 August 2007. Fetched 20 August 2007. ” Scotland Sunshine Statistics”. Met Workplace. 2008. Archived from the original on 11 October 2008.

” 11 of Scotland’s the majority of severe places”. scotsman.com. 19 May 2016. ” Sunlight Duration Annual Typical”. Met Workplace. 2001. Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Gotten 20 August 2007. ” Niall Stuart: Europe’s windiest country is honored with infinite power capacity”. The Scotsman. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2015. ” The windiest place in Europe”.

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