Monarchs of Scotland

The story of the Scottish Throne is a long and complex one. From the beginning of the twelfth century a single king started to rule, what we know today as Scotland. The thirteenth century was a time of insecurity for the whole of Scotland, with the fighting and Wars of Independence between Scotland and England. The fourteenth century brought a sense of nationhood and stability, when the monarchial evolution began to develop.

The House of Alpin

  • Kenneth I (843 - 858)
  • Donald I, Kenneth I's brother (858 - 862)
  • Constantine I, Kenneth I's son (862 - 877)
  • Aedh, Kenneth I's son (877 - 878)
  • Eochaid, Aedh's nephew (878 - 889)
  • Giric, Aedh's cousin (878 - 889)
  • Donald II, Constantine I's son (889 - 900)
  • Constantine II, Aedh's son (900 - 943)
  • Malcolm I, Donald II's son (943 - 954)
  • Indulf, Constantine II's son (954 - 962)
  • Dubh, Malcolm I's son (962 - 966)
  • Culen, Indulf's son (966 - 971)
  • Kenneth II, Dubh's son (971 - 995)
  • Constantine III, Culen's son (995 - 997)
  • Kenneth III, Dubh's son (997 - 1005)
  • Malcolm II, Kenneth II's son (1005 - 1034)
  • Duncan I, Malcolm's second grandson (1034 - 1040)
  • Lulach, Kenneth III's grandson (1057 - 1058)

The House of Dunkeld

  • Malcolm III, Duncan I's son (1058 - 1093)
  • Donald III, Duncan I's son (1093 - 1094)
  • Duncan II, Malcolm III's son (1094)
  • Donald III, Duncan I's son (1094 - 1097)
  • Edgar, Malcolm III's son (1097 - 1107)
  • Alexander I, Malcolm III's son (1107 - 1124)
  • David I, Malcolm III's son (1124 - 1153)
  • Malcolm IV, David I's grandson (1153 - 1165)
  • William I, David I's grandson (1165 - 1214)
  • Alexander II, William I's son (1214 - 1249)
  • Alexander III, Alexander II's son (1249 - 1286)
  • Margaret, Alexander III's grand-daughter (1286 - 1290)

The House of Balliol

When Queen Margaret died, there was no recipient to the throne. King Edward I of England took over and gave the throne to John Balliol.

  • John Balliol, David I's great(x3) grandson (1292 - 1296)

The House of Bruce

  • Robert I, David I's great(x3) grandson (1306 - 1329)
  • David II, Robert I's son (1329 - 1371)

The House of Balliol

  • Edward Balliol, John Balliol's son (1332 - 1338)

The house of Stewart

The surname 'Stewart' was changed to 'Stuart' by Mary when she was in France, as the French alphabet had no 'W'.

  • Robert II, Robert I's grandson (1371 - 1390)
  • Robert III, Robert II's son (1390 - 1406)
  • James I, Robert III's son (1406 - 1437)
  • James II, James I's son (1437 - 1460)
  • James III, James II's son (1460 - 1488)
  • James IV, James III's son (1488 - 1513)
  • James V, James IV's son (1513 - 1542)
  • Mary I, James V's daughter (1542 - 1567)
  • James VI, Mary I's son (1567 - 1625)

 





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